A Lumped Parameter Approach for Simulation of ICE Cooling Systems 2009-01-2760
In this paper a detailed analysis focused on lumped parameters numerical modeling of high speed direct injected internal combustion engine cooling systems is presented and discussed. More in details, the cooling systems here studied are characterized by extreme performance, both in terms of circulating flow rates and thermal loads.
First of all, a comprehensive description of the simulation environment properly tailored for cooling systems modeling is introduced and all its geometric, fluid-dynamic and thermodynamic characteristics are described in depth.
Then, the model has been validated through an exhaustive numerical vs. experimental comparison, involving both cold and hot engine operation, for a wide range of rotational speeds. The general good accordance obtained between calculated and measured results clearly demonstrate the reliability of the numerical model.
Finally, the main capabilities of the lumped parameters model as a useful design tool have been evidently showed by investigating different cooling circuit configurations and comparing the results here obtained with the baseline solution.