Hydrocarbon Deactivation of a Hydrocarbon SCR Catalyst 2009-01-2779
At the current state of diesel engine technology, all diesel engines require some sort of NOx control device to comply with Tier II Bin 5 light-duty or 2010 heavy-duty NOx emission standards. Selective Catalytic Reduction of NOx with hydrocarbons (HC-SCR) to reduce NOx from diesel exhaust emissions is an attractive technology for lean NOx control, especially when diesel fuel is used as the reductant. However, it has been reported that when diesel fuel is used as the reductant catalyst deactivation occurred. Even though this kind of deactivation is reversible at high enough temperatures, it is a deficiency that needs to be overcome for the successful implementation of the technology.
We studied the HC-SCR catalyst deactivation using diesel fuel as the reductant. The variables investigated included catalyst temperature, HC:NOx ratio, NOx concentration, and space velocity. The results showed that one single parameter can be used to measure the catalyst deactivation: the HC-SCR activity.
With periodic dosing, it has been demonstrated that a deactivated catalyst can be regenerated by simply reducing the HC concentration that the SCR catalyst is exposed to. However, the time required to achieve a complete regeneration will depend on the temperature, the extent of the deactivation, and the HC concentration in the exhaust gases. For a fast regeneration, the catalyst temperature needs to be higher than 500°C.