Laboratory Study to Determine Impact of Na and K Exposure on the Durability of DOC and SCR Catalyst Formulations 2009-01-2823
A laboratory flow reactor study was utilized to determine the durability impact of alkali metal (Na and K) exposure on three Pt/Pd-based diesel oxidation catalysts (DOC), two vanadium-based selective catalytic reduction (SCR) catalysts, and two Cu/zeolite-based SCR catalysts. All catalyst samples were contaminated by direct deposition of Na or K by an incipient wetness technique. The activity impact on the contaminated DOCs was accomplished by evaluating for changes in CO and HC light-off. The activity impact on the contaminated SCR catalysts was accomplished by evaluating for changes in the Standard SCR Reaction, the Fast SCR Reaction, the Ammonia Oxidation Reaction, and the Ammonia Storage Capacity. Contamination levels of 3.0 wt% Na was found to have a higher negative impact on Pt-based and zeolite containing DOCs for T-50 CO and HC light-off. Both vanadium and Cu/zeolite containing SCR formulations showed significant irreversible deactivation in the NOx activity and ammonia storage capacity. Increased amounts of K contamination resulted in the linear decline of BET surface area, NH3 storage capacity, and the subsequent NOx conversion.
Citation: Cavataio, G., Jen, H., Dobson, D., and Warner, J., "Laboratory Study to Determine Impact of Na and K Exposure on the Durability of DOC and SCR Catalyst Formulations," SAE Technical Paper 2009-01-2823, 2009, https://doi.org/10.4271/2009-01-2823. Download Citation
Giovanni Cavataio, Hung-Wen Jen, Douglas A. Dobson, James R. Warner
Ford Motor Company
SAE 2009 Powertrains Fuels and Lubricants Meeting