Browse Publications Technical Papers 2009-01-2867
2009-10-06

Development of Flax Fibre Reinforced Biocomposites for Potential Application for Automotive Industries 2009-01-2867

{ Natural fibre-reinforced composite has the potential to replace current materials used for automotive industrial applications. Oilseed flax fibre could be used as reinforcement for composites because it is readily available, environmentally friendly and possesses good mechanical properties. In this research, oilseed flax fibre reinforced-LLDPE and -HDPE biocomposites were developed through extrusion and injection molding. The flax fibre was chemically treated to improve the bond between the fibre and polymer. Flax fibre was mixed with low linear density polyethylene (LLDPE) and high density polyethylene (HDPE) with fibre content varying from 10 to 30% by mass and processed by extrusion and injection molding to biocomposites. The mechanical properties, surface properties, and thermal properties of biocomposites were measured to analyze the treatment and processing effect and to compare the effect of different flax fibre concentrations on the biocomposites. Results showed that developed biocomposites had good properties compared to with pure plastic. Increasing fibre content increased tensile strengths and water absorption; it also decreased molding shrinkage and melting point of biocomposites. The factors in the injection process were also studied to achieve better biocomposite properties.

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