Initial Design and Refinement of a High-Efficiency Electric Drivetrain for a Zero-Emissions Snowmobile 2009-32-0108
The University of Wisconsin - Madison Clean Snowmobile team has designed, constructed and now refined an electric snowmobile with 40 km (24 mi) range and acceleration comparable to a 75 kW (100 hp) internal-combustion-powered snowmobile. Starting with a Polaris IQ Fusion chassis, a direct-drive chain-case was engineered to couple a General Motors EV1 copper-bar rotor AC induction electric motor to the track drive shaft. The battery pack uses 104 28 V, 2.8 A-hr Lithium-Ion battery modules supplied by Milwaukee Tool to store 8.2 kW-hr of energy at a nominal voltage of 364 V. Power is transmitted to the electric motor via an Azure Dynamics DMOC445LLC motor controller. All of the components fit within the original sled envelope, leading to a vehicle with conventional appearance and a total mass of 313 kg (690 lb). The vehicle, dubbed the BuckEV, accelerates to 150 m (500 ft) in 6.9 seconds and has a top speed of 122 km/hr (76 mph) with a pass-by sound level of 55 dB. This sporty electric sled surpasses all of NSF design goals (Table 1) for use in its arctic studies in addition to appealing to snowmobile enthusiasts. It was proven through two summers of operation at Summit Camp, Greenland, in support of environmental research projects, and has currently been operated for 1000 km (625 mi) without failure.
Ethan K. Brodsky, Nicholas J. Rakovec, Kevin R. King, Daniel J. Bocci, Jared Olsen, Adam R. Schumacher, Glenn R. Bower
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Small Engine Technology Conference & Exposition