Advanced Catalysts for Combined (NAC + SCR) Emission Control Systems 2010-01-0302
Emission control systems combining NOx Adsorber catalysts with Selective Catalytic Reduction catalysts (NAC + SCR) offer potential performance advantages for NOx control under lean conditions compared to systems consisting of only one of these technologies. The combined systems, however, also present new catalyst design challenges. In contrast to NAC-only systems, formation of NH₃ over the NAC component under NOx regeneration conditions is a desirable feature in the combined (NAC + SCR) system. The SCR component in the combined system needs to be as thermally durable as the stand-alone SCR technology and also has to withstand repeated high-temperature lean/rich transients encountered during periodic desulfation of the upstream NAC component. In this study, advanced NAC and SCR components were developed specifically for the combination system. The advanced NAC component exhibited a wider operating temperature window and higher NH₃ generation activity at reduced PGM loading. The advanced SCR component had excellent NOx reduction efficiency at low temperature and was extremely durable even after repeated high-temperature lean/rich cycling. Significant performance improvements were observed on systems with the advanced NAC and SCR catalysts. The advantages of the newly developed catalysts were also demonstrated on a vehicle.