Studies of Diesel Particulate Filter Performances by a Diesel Engine Simulator 2010-01-0813
To evaluate various Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) efficiently, accelerated tests are one of effective methods. In this study, a simulator composed by diesel fuel burners is proposed for fundamental DPF evaluations. Firstly particle size distribution measurement, chemical composition and thermal analysis were carried out for the particulate matter (PM) generated by the simulator with several combustion conditions. The PMs generated by specific conditions showed similar characteristics to PMs of a diesel engine. Through these investigations, mechanism of PM particle growth was discussed. Secondly diversified DPFs were subjected to accelerated pressure drop and filtration efficiency tests. Features of DPFs could be clarified by the accelerated tests. In addition, the correlation between DPF pressure drop performance and PM characteristics was discussed. Thirdly regeneration performance of the simulator's PM was investigated. The PM oxidation occurred intensively at lower temperature than that of an engine. The pressure drop of the simulator's PM was higher than that of an engine. These differences between the simulator and engine might be almost explained by PM characteristics investigated in this study.