Browse Publications Technical Papers 2010-01-1261
2010-04-12

Effect of Charge Density and Oxygen Concentration on Emissions in a High Density-LTC Diesel Engine by Retarding Intake Valve Timing and Raising Boost Pressure 2010-01-1261

Engine experiments and CFD modeling studies have been carried out and shown that high density-low temperature combustion (H Density-LTC) has the potential of realizing high thermal efficiency and very low engine-out emissions at high and full engine loads. Parametric studies were conducted to explore the mechanism of formation of pollutants in high charge density in this paper. It was found that high charge density was normally favorable to spray atomization, evaporation and fuel/air mixing throughout the entire combustion process, but there was a turning value of charge density above which the improvement of thermal efficiency was reduced. The conversion of CO to CO₂ was accelerated and CO emission was decreased with increasing charge density, which was also proved to be beneficial to re-oxidation of soot formed. The oxygen concentration brings a conflict effect to NOx emissions and exhaust soot. The high density combustion relieved the conflict effect of oxygen concentration.

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