Browse Publications Technical Papers 2010-01-1274
2010-04-12

A Cold-Start Emissions Model of an Engine and Aftertreatment System for Optimisation Studies 2010-01-1274

The minimisation of tail-pipe emissions and fuel consumption during cold-start can be viewed as a constrained optimisation problem involving many parameters. Examining this problem mathematically first requires an accurate and computationally practical model of the engine and exhaust system. This paper proposes such a model for use during the cold-start of a conventional spark ignition engine. This model uses as much physics-based modelling as is computationally practical for optimisation and control studies. It takes a given set of engine control inputs to simulate tailpipe CO , HC and NO emissions, and is both calibrated and validated using detailed measurements obtained on a transient engine dynamometer following the New European Drive Cycle (NEDC).

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