Browse Publications Technical Papers 2010-01-1490
2010-05-05

HCCI Heat Release Data for Combustion Simulation, Based on Results from a Turbocharged Multi Cylinder Engine 2010-01-1490

When simulating homogenous charge compression ignition or HCCI using one-dimensional models it is important to have the right combustion parameters. When operating in HCCI the heat release parameters will have a high influence on the simulation result due to the rapid combustion rate, especially if the engine is turbocharged. In this paper an extensive testing data base is used for showing the combustion data from a turbocharged engine operating in HCCI mode. The experimental data cover a wide range, which span from 1000 rpm to 3000 rpm and engine loads between 100 kPa up to over 600 kPa indicated mean effective pressure in this engine speed range. The combustion data presented are: used combustion timing, combustion duration and heat release rate. The combustion timing follows the load and a trend line is presented that is used for engine simulation. The combustion duration in time is fairly constant at different load and engine speeds for the chosen combustion timings here. The heat release rate is fitted to a Wiebe function where the heat release parameter m is found. It is shown that this parameter m scale to the load and the presented trend line is used for simulating the heat release. When the engine is operated with negative valve overlap the mass flow is reduced through the engine. In an engine simulation the valve timings has to be estimated for different intake temperatures and boost pressure levels. By using the intake temperature at intake valve closing as a prediction tool for the temperature at top dead center, the exhaust valve closing timing can be estimated and will then follow the real test results closely as shown in a GT-Power simulation. The turbocharged test engine is an inline four cylinder gasoline engine with a total displacement of 2.2 l . The engine is direct injected of spray-guided type. To achieve HCCI combustion the engine is operated with low lift and short duration valve timings where the variable negative valve overlap is used for combustion control.

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