Browse Publications Technical Papers 2010-32-0020
2010-09-28

Fuel Injection for Low Emission 50cc 2-Stroke Scooter 2010-32-0020

The ideal attributes of light weight, low cost and high power density have made the 2-stroke engine unrivalled in the scooter and moped market for many years.
However, the challenges of meeting new emissions regulations, especially the latest Euro III emission test cycle have reduced the 2-stroke's dominance and it is now often considered to be too dirty and inefficient to have a future. As a result its product placement is on the decline.
This paper introduces and discusses the latest application of a low-cost high-frequency injection system (Pulse Count Injection [ 1 , 2 ]) to both the fuel flow and lubrication oil flow of a 2-stroke scooter; allowing both fluids to be individually mapped and optimised for the complete engine operating range. This in turn enables the 2-stroke engine to pass the latest Euro III test whilst improving the fuel economy by a considerable margin, without changing the architecture of the engine.
Examples of the latest developments of a highly integrated engine management system, including fuel and oil injector technology are shown.
The paper draws conclusions from the test results showing the clear benefits of electronic fuel injection both for emissions and fuel consumption, and demonstrates that these benefits are achievable from a compact well integrated throttle body unit suitable for the small 2-stroke engine market.

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