A Further Approach to Controlled Auto- Ignition Using a Sequence of Low-Temperature Combustion-States 2010-32-0087
As an index to control the heat release of auto-ignition combustion, our previous paper introduced a concept of ΔT. It was the difference between the adiabatic flame temperature and the initial in-cylinder gas temperature before the heat release, i.e., ΔT physically represents the heat capacity of the in-cylinder gases relative to the calorific value supplied in a cycle. Firing tests of a four-stroke auto-ignition gasoline engine revealed that the heat release process could be successfully controlled when ΔT was maintained at a proper level. This paper evolved the ΔT theory into the every possible gas exchanging state in the four-stroke engines and found out a chain of the low-temperature combustion cycle (LTC), which continuously varied from the spark-ignition (SI) to auto-ignition (AI). By using a hydraulic-electromagnetic fully-free valve actuator system, the LTC was examined in our 650 cm₃ single-cylinder experimental-engine. Finally this paper introduces two possible control patterns of the variable valve event for the LTC and discusses the impacts of LTC on the fuel consumption and exhaust emissions. The LTC, instead of "switch-combustion," will be a key technology in the transition state between SI and AI.