Browse Publications Technical Papers 2010-36-0412

Heating System for Ethanol and Intake Air - Numerical Model and Experimental Validation at Cold Start in a Flex Fuel Vehicle with Emissions Analysis 2010-36-0412

The increasing number of flex fuel vehicles using pure or mainly ethanol when mixed with gasoline led to a necessity of an auxiliary cold start system. These systems are based on introducing gasoline during the engine's cold phase. The researches lead to find an alternative to avoid using gasoline at cold start systems. This works presents a numerical analysis of the flow and heat transfer in a cold start system, using computational fluid dynamics. A prototypal vehicle was used to validate the simulations. The tests were done at controlled ambient temperatures: 0°C for cold start measurements and 25°C at chassis dynamometer to run the FTP75 emission cycle. The numerical data were validated and the results showed the possibility to get a temperature high enough to assure fuel combustion with emissions benefits.


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