The Recycling Potential of Brazilian Vehicles 2010-36-0434
Brazil has a fleet with more than 30 million vehicles of combustion engine, lights and rides, riding for all territory, with a rate of 2 million sold per year. With this increased of fleet, specially from the end of 1990s, promoted principally by automobile factories that had come to Brazil and by circumstantial changes on the internal economy, some problems happened. The main problems are mobility difficulties on large cities (as traffic jams) and the environmental impacts (resources depletion, climate changes, issues of greenhouse effect gases, air pollution, acidification, waste generation, among others). Beyond that, in function of an inexistent national program and an undefined and unclear policy, there are uncountable (and potential) number of vehicles that could be sent to recycling processes, contributing to closed looping as raw material of new vehicles. In according to this perception, this paper aims to provide information related to the main vehicles parts and components in end-of-life that can be inserted in a closed loop model from reverse manufacturing practices. This information can contribute to the traceability and recycling components, for generation of new qualifications and for the ecodesign of new vehicles, beyond that contribute to the more eco-effective sustainable development of the Brazilian automotive industry.