In this paper, residual stresses due to single indentation and rolling on a finite plate at very high rolling loads are investigated by two-dimensional plane strain finite element analyses using ABAQUS. In the finite element analyses, the roller is modeled as rigid and has frictionless contact with the finite plate. The plate material is modeled as an elastic-plastic power-law strain hardening material with a non-linear kinematic hardening rule for loading and unloading. For indentation and rolling at high rolling loads with extensive plastic deformation, the computational results show that the contact pressure distributions are quite different and they are also significantly different from the elastic Hertzian pressure distribution. The computational results for the rolling case show a significantly higher longitudinal compressive residual stress and a lower out-of-plane compressive residual stress along the contact surface when compared to those for the single indentation case. The results suggest that the effects of rolling must be accounted for when two-dimensional finite element analyses of crankshaft sections are used to investigate the residual stresses due to fillet rolling of the crankshafts under prescribed loading conditions.