Experimental Investigation of Unsteady Vehicle Aerodynamics under Time-Dependent Flow Conditions - Part 1 2011-01-0177
Unsteady aerodynamic flow phenomena are investigated in the wind tunnel by oscillating a realistic 50% scale model around its vertical axis. Thus the model is exposed to time-dependent flow conditions at realistic Reynolds and Strouhal numbers. Using this setup unsteady aerodynamic loads are observed to differ significantly from quasi-steady loads. In particular, the unsteady yaw moment exceeds the quasi-steady approximation by 80%. On the other hand, side force and roll moment are over predicted by quasi-steady approximation but exhibit a significant time delay. Using hotwire anemometry, a delayed reaction of the wake flow of Δt/T = 0.15 is observed, which is thought to be the principal cause for the differences between unsteady and quasi-steady aerodynamic loads. A schematic mechanism explaining these differences due to the delayed reaction of the wake flow is proposed. Additionally, the wake topology observed in previous studies for constant yaw featuring fluid entering into the wake region from the leeward side accompanied by two counter-rotating vortices is confirmed.
Citation: Theissen, P., Wojciak, J., Heuler, K., Demuth, R. et al., "Experimental Investigation of Unsteady Vehicle Aerodynamics under Time-Dependent Flow Conditions - Part 1," SAE Technical Paper 2011-01-0177, 2011, https://doi.org/10.4271/2011-01-0177. Download Citation
Pascal Theissen, Johannes Wojciak, Kirstin Heuler, Rainer Demuth, Thomas Indinger, Nikolaus Adams
BMW Group, Technische Universitaet Muenchen