Development of High Response Motor and Inverter System for the Nissan LEAF Electric Vehicle 2011-01-0350
This paper describes the motor and inverter system developed for the Nissan LEAF that has been specifically designed as a mass-produced electric vehicle. The system produces maximum torque of 280 Nm and maximum power of 80 kW.
The motor achieves a small size, high power, and high efficiency as a result of adopting the following in-house technologies. The magnetic circuit design was optimized for an interior magnet synchronous motor to attain the maximum performance figures noted here. The material technologies of the rotor and the stator facilitate high efficiency and the production technology achieves high density winding. The cooling mechanism is optimally designed for a mass-produced electric vehicle.
The inverter incorporates the following original technologies and application-specific parts to obtain cost reductions combined with reliability improvements. The power module has an original structure with the power devices mounted directly on the busbars. The gate driver circuit has been designed to reduce both voltage surges and switching losses. Real-time estimation of the junction temperature enables full use of the performance of the power devices.
In addition, high acceleration response has been achieved through the adoption of a vibration control system to provide a smooth and pleasant ride characteristic of an electric vehicle.