Exploring the Advantages of Atkinson Effects in Variable Compression Ratio Turbo GDI Engines 2011-01-0367
The Atkinson cycle engine is basically an engine permitting the strokes to be different lengths for improved light loads fuel economies. Variable compression ratio is the technology to adjust internal combustion engine cylinder compression ratio to increase fuel efficiency while under varying loads. The paper presents a new design of a variable compression ratio engine that also permits an expansion ratio that may differ from the compression ratio therefore generating an Atkinson cycle effect. The stroke ratio and the ratio of maximum to minimum in-cylinder volumes may change with load and speed to provide the best fuel conversion efficiency. The variable ratio of maximum to minimum in-cylinder volumes also improves the full load power output of the engine. Results of performance simulations are proposed for a gasoline engine 2 Litres, in-line four, turbocharged and direct injection showings significant fuel savings during light and medium loads operation as well as improvement of full load output and fuel efficiency.