Effects on Surface Roughness and Friction on Aluminum Sheet under Plain Strain Cyclic Bending and Tension 2011-01-0535
During sheet metal forming, the friction and surface roughness change as the sheet slides, bends and stretches against the tools. This study assessed evolution of friction and surface roughness changes on aluminum sheet with two surface finish conditions, mill finish (MF) and electron discharge texture (EDT), in both the longitudinal and the transverse rolling directions of the sheet. The sheets were tested using a three pin Draw Bead Simulator (DBS). Surface roughness of the sheet evolved as a result of bending at the first shoulder, reverse bending at the middle pin, bending at the second shoulder and unbending at the exit. Stretching conditions and sheet-pin contact were also varied to see the impact on surface roughness. In general, the largest surface roughness change for the transverse direction was observed at the convex side of the exit shoulder pin and on the convex side of the first shoulder for the longitudinal direction. Roughness changes along the flow direction were significantly smaller for the EDT surface, with a maximum change around 30%. Surface roughness changes of up to 400% were observed for the mill finish material. Friction differences for the two sheet surfaces are also discussed.