Browse Publications Technical Papers 2011-01-0780

A New Methodology for Calculating and Modelling Non-Linear Springs in the Valve Train of Internal Combustion Engines 2011-01-0780

The valve return springs in the distribution chain of internal combustion engines constitute a fundamental component for the duration, efficiency and performance of the engine itself [1,2,3,4]. This is even more true for high-performance engines whose mechanical and thermal power leads to the premature deterioration of poorly designed components. The elevated forces in such engines necessitate, where the valve springs have not been substituted by alternative kinematic systems, progressive springs, i.e. springs with variable stiffness. Despite this fact, the literature does not contain any univocal methods for defining the geometry of this type of spring. In the present study, the question is approached on the basis of a numerical-iterative calculation, providing a general methodology which, starting from data regarding the functioning of the engine and the geometric volumes to be respected, leads to the definition of the optimal geometry of the helix, taking account of the trend of the stiffness, of the natural frequencies and of the loads over the entire operating range of the spring. Tests on springs calculated in this way were performed using multi-body software, in order to verify the correspondence between the initial design data and the real behaviour of the geometry generated.


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