Structural Health Diagnosis and Prognostics Using Fatigue Monitoring 2011-01-1051
Fatigue damage sensing and monitoring of any structure is a prerequisite for reliable and effective structural health diagnosis. The designed sensor has alternate slots and strips with different strain magnification factor with respect to the nominal strain at its location. The strips experience the strains which closely resemble the actual strain distribution in the critical area of the component. One of the major advantages of this sensor is that it can be placed at any convenient location, still experiencing the same fatigue damage as a critical location. It can be used on various structures from ground civilian and military vehicles to steel bridges. This can predict the remaining useful life of a component or the number of miles (for any automobile) left for the component before it needed replacement. This paper mainly describes the design aspects of this sensor following analytical and finite element analysis (FEA) approaches. Further, the test results for single ligament sensors were discussed in the context of the designed strain ratios. Overall, the role of fatigue damage (FD) sensors in structural health monitoring is presented.