De-NOx Characteristics of a Combined System of LNT and SCR according to Space Velocity 2011-01-2088
The purpose of this paper is to investigate the adsorption and desorption characteristics of only LNT and SCR catalysts with respect to SV (Space Velocity) and the de-NOx performance of a combined system of LNT and SCR according to the SV. The adsorption time to reach NOx concentration of 500 ppm at SV = 14,000 1/h of the LNT catalyst was about 1,000 sec. The physically and chemically absorbed NH₃ on the SCR catalyst desorbed in same concentration though various SVs. The NOx conversion of the LNT decreased with SV increased in range of 350° or lower temperature, the formation quantity of NH₃ increased as SV increased in the lower temperature range. The NOx conversion of the SCR with SV = 14,000 1/h showed 95% at 320°, the effect of SV on the NOx conversion was not so much. The NOx conversion of the combined system of LNT and SCR with fresh catalysts appeared maximum value of 70% and hydrothermal aging at 900° decreased about to 25% below range of 300°. And the hydrothermally aged catalysts showed trends of the reduction of NOx conversion and the increase of NH₃ slip due to the reduction of residence time according to SV increase.