Microkinetic Modelling for Propane Oxidation in Channel Flows of a Silver-Based Automotive Catalytic Converter 2011-01-2094
Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) is used to simulate chemical reactions and transport phenomena occurring in a single channel of a honeycomb-type automotive catalytic converter under lean burn combustion. Microkinetic analysis is adopted to develop a detailed elementary reaction mechanism for propane oxidation on a silver catalyst. Activation energies are calculated based on the theory of the Unity Bond Index-Quadratic Exponential Potential (UBI-QEP) method. The order-of-magnitude of the pre-exponential factors is obtained from Transition State Theory (TST). Sensitivity analysis is applied to identify the important elementary steps and refine the pre-exponential factors of these reactions. These pre-exponential factors depend on inlet temperatures and propane concentration; therefore optimised pre-exponential factors are written in polynomial forms. The results of numerical simulations are validated by comparison with experimental data.
Citation: Sawatmongkhon, B., Tsolakis, A., York, A., and Theinnoi, K., "Microkinetic Modelling for Propane Oxidation in Channel Flows of a Silver-Based Automotive Catalytic Converter," SAE Technical Paper 2011-01-2094, 2011, https://doi.org/10.4271/2011-01-2094. Download Citation
Boonlue Sawatmongkhon, Athanasios Tsolakis, Andrew P. E. York, Kampanart Theinnoi
University of Birmingham, Johnson Matthey Technology Centre, King Mongkut's University of Technology North Bangkok
SAE International Powertrains, Fuels and Lubricants Meeting
Computational fluid dynamics
Lean burn engines
Combustion and combustion processes
Subscribers can view annotate, and download all of SAE's content.
Learn More »