Characterization of PM sampled from inside and outside of diffusion flame 2011-01-2099
Characteristics of PM and its compositions inside and outside of flame were required to develop reduction technologies for combustion origin PM. In this paper, relationship between PM size distribution and compositions such as soot and soluble organic fraction (SOF) of PM sampled with filter were investigated. Number distributions of PM (30 nm-10 μm) were measured using an ELPI (Electrical Low Pressure Impactor). Dry-soot and SOF in PM that was captured an individual stage of ELPI were analyzed using a combustion type PM analyzer (MEXA-1370PM). It was clarified that nuclei mode particle included more SOF than accumulation mode particle. PM characterization showed that there were many differences between in-flame PM and out-flame PM. In-flame PM contained much of low boiling point SOF and dry-soot composition was thermally unstable. Further, similarities between SOF in PM sampled with filter and gaseous hydrocarbons passing through PM filter were discussed.