Steering Effects Upon Lateral Dynamics of a SUV On Deformable Surfaces 2011-01-2159
We studied the effect of steering dynamics on lateral dynamics for a 1.6 ton 4x4 sport utility vehicle (SUV) on deformable surfaces. The vehicle used for the outdoor tests was equipped with (1) a steering robot to apply repeatable steering wheel excitations and (2) a high-precision differential GPS (DGPS) system to gather physical measures that describe lateral dynamics: lateral acceleration, yaw rate, and vehicle sideslip angle. The vehicle was driven over three different deformable surfaces~a loess and a sandy soil and wet snow~with a constant speed of 10 km/h. The steering robot applied inputs of (1) sine wave excitation at 0.5, 1.0, and 2.5 Hz, and (2) ramp change (or trapezoidal) excitation with steering wheel rate at 100, 500, and 1500 deg/s. Results are presented as frequency paths and time courses to analyze effects of surface and steering dynamics. Data from ramp change input excitation tests were used to derive factors describing lateral vehicle dynamics: yaw rate gain, peak response time, and TB factor. We concluded that the test method was sensitive enough to analyze effects of surface and steering dynamics upon vehicle lateral dynamics. Prospective use of the results could be identification of lateral dynamics models or verification of existing models and algorithms.