Browse Publications Technical Papers 2011-01-2350
2011-09-18

Interaction Between Ceramic Matrix Composite and Organic Pad Materials and its Impact on the Friction Performance 2011-01-2350

Ceramic matrix composites (CMC) have been increasingly used as alternative materials of the rotors of friction brakes. However there is still a need for a better understanding of fundamentals of CMC rotors and their associated friction materials. In this paper, the friction performance at the initial stage was characterized by testing on a laboratory-scale dynamometer and a car for brakes consisting of rotors made of carbon-fiber-reinforced carbon-silicon carbide (Cf/C-SiC) composite, and pads with organic liners. The characteristics of friction surface and its evolution were studied through focused imaging on the surface of the rotor after testing on the dynamometer. Both dynamometer and vehicle tests showed that bedding was essential to reach the required coefficient of friction (CoF). Sustainable transfer layer was successfully deposited on the surface of silicon in the early stage of bedding, but the deposition became difficult on that of carbon constituents and silicon carbide. In contrast, microfracture and ductile deformation were seen in carbon and silicon carbide mainly through the abrasion on their surface. It is speculated that the unsustainable friction surface could be the cause of the observed unstable friction performance.

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