Model-Based Assessment of Hybrid Powertrain Solutions 2011-24-0070
This paper shows the main results of a research activity carried out in order to investigate the impact of different hybridization concepts on vehicle fuel economy during standard homologation cycles (NEDC, FTP75, US Highway, Artemis). Comparative analysis between a standard passenger vehicle and three different hybrid solutions based on the same vehicle platform is presented. The following parallel hybrid powertrain solutions were investigated: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) solution (three different levels of hybridization are investigated with respect to different Electric Motor Generator size and battery storage/power capacity), High Speed Flywheel (HSF) system described as a fully integrated mechanical (kinetic) hybrid solution based on the quite innovative approach, and hydraulic hybrid system (HHV). In order to perform a fare analysis between different hybrid systems, analysis is also carried out for equal system storage capacities. All hybrid powertrain architectures include state-of-the-art hybrid components and are analyzed from the aspects of fuel economy related to the overall system efficiency, load point moving of the internal combustion engine due to energy flow control strategy operation, and regenerative braking (applying realistic drivability constraints). The simulations were performed within the IAV-VeLoDyn software environment. VeLoDyn (Vehicle Longitudinal Dynamics Simulation) is a modular and highly flexible Simulink-based software tool, which offers a straightforward simulation of longitudinal vehicle dynamics with special considerations on the driveline and model management functionality. In order to provide control and management of the hybrid powertrain system, a cycle-independent control strategy has been implemented into the supervisory hybrid control unit model, based on Equivalent Consumption Minimization Strategy (ECMS) approach. Due to the modular nature of the simulation tool, the control strategy was effectively implemented in all analyzed hybrid models with marginal modifications. In order to determine energy flows and validate hybrid powertrain behavior, a cycle-based energetic analysis was carried out, and the main results are presented in the paper.