Aeroacoustics of Duct Branches-With Application to Silencers 2011-24-0218
The inclusion of flow-acoustic interaction effects in linear acoustic multiport models has been studied. It is shown, using a T-junction as illustration example, that as long the acoustic system is linear the required information is included in a scattering matrix obtained by experimental or numerical studies. Assuming small Mach numbers and low frequencies-as in most automotive silencer applications-the scattering matrix for the T-junction can be approximated using quasi-steady models. Models are derived that holds for all possible configurations of grazing and bias flow in the T-junctions. The derived models are then used to predict the performance of a novel silencer concept, where a resonator is formed by acoustically short-circuiting the inlet and outlet ducts of a flow reversal chamber. The agreement between experiments and simulations is excellent, justifying the use of the quasi-steady modeling approach.