This paper will compare systematically coaxial and non-coaxial internal heat exchanger types on the component and the system level as applied to R1234yf mobile air conditioning (MAC) systems. Pressure drop, heat transfer rate, effectiveness, and efficiency ratio of the Internal Heat Exchanger (IHX) are compared on the component level for the different heat exchanger types. At the system level, a MAC system optimized for efficiency as well as evaporator cooling capacity is used to assess these different internal heat exchanger types. System level factors that will be discussed include IHX heat transfer rate, pressure drop, compressor efficiency, compressor discharge temperatures, and the impact of these factors on the efficiency and capacity of the MAC system. This paper also describes the test bench used for the system level tests and the testing procedure applied.