Browse Publications Technical Papers 2012-01-1093

Sensitivity Analysis of Ash Packing and Distribution in Diesel Particulate Filters to Transient Changes in Exhaust Conditions 2012-01-1093

Current CJ-4 lubricant specifications place chemical limits on diesel engine oil formulations to minimize the accumulation of lubricant-derived ash in diesel particulate filters (DPF). While lubricant additive chemistry plays a strong role in determining the amount and type of ash accumulated in the DPF, a number of additional factors play important roles as well. Relative to soot particles, whose residence time in the DPF is short-lived, ash particles remain in the filter for a significant fraction of the filter's useful life. While it is well-known that the properties (packing density, porosity, permeability) of soot deposits are primarily controlled by the local exhaust conditions at the time of particle deposition in the DPF, the cumulative operating history of the filter plays a much stronger role in controlling the properties and distribution of the accumulated ash. Results of this work indicate that short-duration, transient, high temperature events can have a profound impact on ash packing and DPF pressure drop, while exposure to transient high flow rate conditions produce only marginal changes.
The tests conducted in this work utilized core samples, removed from DPFs containing known ash levels, to study the effect of transient changes in exhaust conditions on ash properties using a flow bench. Use of the core samples enabled more precise control of DPF exposure to transient variations in exhaust flow and temperature conditions. In addition to the filter performance characterization, application of advanced diagnostics including scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive x-ray analysis (EDX), and x-ray diffraction (XRD) provide insights into the changes in ash properties induced by the variations in exhaust conditions, useful to explain the observed results. Enhanced understanding of the fundamental mechanisms controlling ash properties and their impact on DPF performance is useful to not only extend the filter's service life, but more importantly to improve both DPF control and on-board diagnostic capabilities.


Subscribers can view annotate, and download all of SAE's content. Learn More »


Members save up to 17% off list price.
Login to see discount.
We also recommend:

Diesel Particulate Filters: Trends and Implications of Particle Size Distribution Measurement


View Details


Development of Wall-Flow Type Diesel Particulate Filter System with Efficient Reverse Pulse Air Regeneration


View Details


Real Time Measurements of Diesel Particle Size Distribution with an Electrical Low Pressure Impactor


View Details