An Investigation of External Gear Pump Efficiency and Stribeck Values 2012-01-2041
This paper presents an experimental study of external gear pump efficiency based upon an analysis of the Stribeck values. The volumetric, mechanical, and overall efficiencies of a variety of external gear pumps were measured under steady state conditions. Straight grade antiwear hydraulic fluids were evaluated at 50°C and 80°C. Stribeck values for mechanical, volumetric, and overall efficiency were compared to classic pump efficiency curves. The experimental curves for pump volumetric and overall efficiency were consistent with the classic pump efficiency model. Mechanical efficiency diverged from model behavior at low Stribeck numbers; declining at low speeds and high pressures as contact conditions transitioned from the hydrodynamic to the mixed-film lubrication regime. Lubrication of external gear pumps can be enhanced by using hydraulic fluids that optimize the Stribeck value. A simple expression for relating the Stribeck number to volumetric and mechanical efficiency is presented.