Compressed Air as a Quality and Pollution Free Fuel Substitute in Reciprocating Engines - an Effect of the Cam Profile on the Engine Performance 2012-32-0060
An existing 4 stroke-cycle gasoline engine has been partially modified without dynamically changing its mechanism for the purpose to utilize compressed air as an alternative energy source. The principle is to mechanically control the compressed air flow through the intake and exhaust valves every revolution of the crankshaft by modifying the camshaft cam's lobes, which changes the engine operation from 4 strokes to 2 strokes cycle mode. In the previous investigation the principle was verified with a current 50 cc motorcycle modified engine and the pressure behavior inside the cylinder of the compressed air engine was evaluated. It turned out as a most promising result that the back pressure, which is defined as the positive pressure left in the expansion chamber while the piston is moving back from BDC to TDC, has high influence on the performance of the compressed air reciprocating engine. Therefore, the pressure measurement was conducted for the modified engine assembled the cylinder with side holes drilled to relieve the back pressure so as to verify an effect on the performance. In this investigation the same pressure measurement was conducted for the same engine assembled the camshaft of different cam profile, thus confirming an effect on the back pressure reduction to evaluate the performance of the compressed air reciprocating engine.
Citation: Sugita, T., "Compressed Air as a Quality and Pollution Free Fuel Substitute in Reciprocating Engines - an Effect of the Cam Profile on the Engine Performance," SAE Technical Paper 2012-32-0060, 2012, https://doi.org/10.4271/2012-32-0060. Download Citation
Sanyo High School in Hiroshima
2012 Small Engine Technology Conference & Exhibition