Estimating Method for the Avoided Non-Recyclable CO
by the Use of Brazilian Ethanol in Flex Fuel Vehicles
The introduction of the flexible fuel vehicles in Brazil had the first objective to protect the customer against fuels - commercial gasoline (E22) and hydrated ethanol (E100 or AEHC) - price variations. Nevertheless, while the Flex technology became dominant in the Brazilian market, the environmental aspect of the possibility of using a renewable fuel, ethanol from sugar cane, increased in importance due to the reduction in non-recyclable CO₂ and its benefits for the greenhouse effect. The objective of this article is to propose a practical method to quantify the avoided CO₂ using available engine management system parameters, basic chemical calculations, literature information and simplifying assumptions. The resulting equations show that it is possible to have a practical avoided-CO₂ calculation procedure which can be performed on-board and used for customer information and for quantifying the environmental advantage of using ethanol in fleets of flexible fuel cars.