Polyamide 6(PA6)/hexagonal boron nitride(h-BN) and polyphenylene sulfide(PPS)/graphite composites have been prepared to investigate the possible usage as battery housing materials. The addition of the highly conductive filler improved thermal conductivity of polymer matrix more than 2 times. On the basis of the experimental results and intrinsic material parameters, thermal behavior in a battery pack has been monitored by computational simulation. The heat generated within a cell was readily dissipated as a highly thermal conductive aluminum(Al) was used and thus the temperature was evenly distributed over a whole package. In the case of a battery pack made of polymer or polymer composites, on the other hand, the temperature inside cell is much higher due to the accumulation of heat. The predicted heat flow behavior may be useful in selecting proper housing materials.