A Semi-Physical NOx Model for Diesel Engine Control 2013-01-0356
In this paper, a new physics-based model for the prediction of NOx emissions produced by diesel engines is presented. The aim of this work is to provide a reference model for the validation of control strategies and NOx estimators. The model describes the NOx production in the burned gas zone where the burned gas temperature sub-model is adapted to be generic and tunable. The model consists of three main sub-models for the estimation of the burned gas temperature, the concentration of the species in the burned gases and the NOx formation, respectively. A new model for estimating the burned gas temperature, known to have a strong impact on thermal NOx formation rate, is proposed. The model depends on the intake burned gas ratio and the combustion phasing computed from the cylinder pressure. This model has a limited number of calibration parameters identified so that NOx model output matches with experimental data measured in a four-cylinder, four-stroke, direct-injection diesel engine. The proposed model is compared with a standard physical zero-dimensional thermodynamic approach. The new burned gas temperature sub-model enables to highly improve NOx estimation accuracy both in steady-state and transient operations, compared to purely physical models.