Buckling of Structures Subject to Multiple Forces 2013-01-1370
Frames are important structures found in many transportation applications such as automotive bodies and train cars. They are also widely employed in buildings, bridges, and other load bearing designs. When a frame is carrying multiple loads, it can potentially risk a catastrophic buckling failure. The loads on the frame may be non-proportional in that one force stays constant while the other is increased until buckling occurs. In this study the buckling problem is formulated as a constrained eigenvalue problem (CEVP). As opposed to other CEVP in which the eigenvectors are forced to comply with a number of the constraints, the eigenvalues in the current CEVP are subject to some equality constraints. A numerical algorithm for solving the constrained eigenvalue problem is presented. The algorithm is a simple trapping scheme in which the computation starts with an initial guess and a window containing the potential target for the eigenvalue is identified. Using a quadratic interpolation scheme the eigenvalue satisfying the constraints is further located. Several examples are presented to show the accuracy and effectiveness of the proposed numerical algorithm, including the buckling of a two-dimensional truss structure, a plane frame, a three-dimensional frame, and a thin-walled structural component.