Browse Publications Technical Papers 2013-01-1497

Modeling CO 2 Concentrations in Vehicle Cabin 2013-01-1497

Passengers are exposed to roadway pollutants due to entrainment of outside air into the vehicle cabin. Previous works found cabin air-recirculation can reduce pollutant particle concentrations significantly. However simultaneous increase of CO₂ concentrations in the cabin prevented wide use of recirculation mode for such purpose. A mathematical model was developed to predict CO₂ concentrations in vehicle cabin air during air-recirculation mode. The model predicts temporal CO₂ concentration changes as a function of cabin volume, vehicle body leakage, and number of passengers. This model can be used to design and control air-recirculation mode for a variety of vehicle conditions.


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