Browse Publications Technical Papers 2013-24-0057

Effects of Different Geometries of the Cylinder Head on the Combustion Characteristics of a VVA Gasoline Engine 2013-24-0057

Two different modifications of the baseline cylinder head configuration have been designed and experimentally tested on a MultiAir turbocharged gasoline engine, in order to address the issue of the poor in-cylinder turbulence levels which are typical of the Early-Intake-Valve-Closing (EIVC) strategies which are adopted in Variable Valve Actuation systems at part load to reduce pumping losses.
The first layout promotes turbulence by increasing the tumble motion at low valve lifts, while the second one allows the addition of a swirl vortex to the main tumble structure. The aim for both designs was to achieve a proper flame propagation speed at both part and full load.
The experimental activity was initially focused on the part load analysis under high dilution of the mixture with internal EGR, which can allow significant further reductions in terms of pumping losses but, on the other hand, tends to adversely affect combustion stability and to increase cycle-to-cycle variations. All the three different configurations (baseline, enhanced tumble, enhanced swirl) were compared in terms of combustion duration and combustion stability for increasing levels of EGR.
The second phase of the experimental investigation was then focused on the full load performance in order to assess the effects of the cylinder head modifications on knocking occurrence: the operating points chosen were the full rated power and the full rated torque.
Finally the cylinder head featuring the best trade-off between full and part load performance was identified.


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