Dissipative Silencers Based on Micro-Perforated Plates 2013-24-0071
Micro-perforated plates (MPP:s) can be defined as a perforated plate where the hole impedance is dominated by viscous losses. This will always be true for sufficiently low frequencies or small holes. In addition for a standard MPP the perforation ratio is chosen so that the normalized acoustic resistance is between 1-2, which yields optimum damping for incident plane waves. Historically MPP:s have been used as panel absorbers to reduce reflections in rooms and enclosures. More recently the potential for machinery and vehicle applications has come into focus, e.g., dissipative exhaust silencers. Some advantages offered by a MPP solution, when compared to traditional dissipative silencers, are that it can reduce the weight and the problem with fibre breakout. In this paper the work on cylindrical MPP dissipative silencers at KTH is summarized. One important question being how an optimum damping is achieved, for a certain frequency band and for a given volume (length & area ratio) of the silencer.