Strain Rate Effect on Forming Limit Diagram for Advanced High Strength Steels 2014-01-0993
The Forming limit diagram (FLD) is a powerful tool for describing the formability of sheet materials in the automobile industry, which provides fundamental data for die design and Finite Element (FE) simulation. However, traditional FLD testing is typically conducted at quasi-static strain rates from 0.001/s to 0.01/s, which are much lower than the industrial stamping process with strain rates about 1-10/s. In this research, FLDs at various punch speeds (from 1mm/s to 100mm/s or 120mm/s) were obtained for three kinds of AHSS, Quenched and Partitioned steel, Dual Phase 980 and Dual Phase 590 and three kinds of conventional steels, Low Alloy High Strength steel, Bake Hardening steel and IF steel. The results show that FLDs at a typical industrial stamping speed (100mm/s or 120mm/s) are considerably lower than the quasi-static test speed for the Advanced High Strength Steels (AHSS). It is suggested that standard Nakazima test or other formability test should be performed at 1-10/s strain rates in order to obtain the experimental data more close to industrial stamping state, especially for AHSS.