Primary Atomization of a GDi Multi-Hole Plume Using VOF-LES Method 2014-01-1125
This study is concerned with quantitative analysis of the primary atomization, regarding the droplet size-velocity distribution function, of a multi-hole GDi plume through application of the Volume-of-Fluid Large Eddy Simulation (VOF-LES) method. The distinguishing feature of this study is the inclusion of an accurate seat /nozzle flow domain into the simulation.
A VOF-LES study of the seat-nozzle flow and the near-field primary atomization of a single plume of a GDi multi-hole seat is performed. The geometry pertains to a purpose-built 3-hole GDi seat with three identical flow hole and counter-bore nozzles, arranged with 120° circumferential spacing.
The VOF-LES prediction of the jet primary breakup structure and near-field macroscale is compared with spray imaging data. The droplet size and velocity distributions within a 4mm vicinity of the nozzle are analyzed. The results show production of a wide droplet size distribution through the jet primary atomization. Analysis of the droplet-size probability function, through comparison with the jet turbulence and Kelvin-Helmholtz parameters, indicates the dominant role of jet turbulence in the primary breakup process.
The simulation results, in the form of the droplet size probability function and the joint droplet size-velocity distribution function, enable a complete description of the plume initial conditions for Lagranagian spray simulation.