Browse Publications Technical Papers 2014-01-1427
2014-04-01

Influence of the Injector Geometry on Primary Breakup in Diesel Injector Systems 2014-01-1427

Diesel injection systems have a significant impact on the performance as well as emission and pollutant formation of modern diesel engines. Even though the geometry of atomizers became more and more complex over the last years, injection systems still have a large potential for improving the overall diesel engine combustion process. Due to the complexity of the atomization process, reliable models are not available, yet these are highly desired for supporting the design process. They have to be developed using detailed numerical simulations.
In this work, the “Spray A” reference case defined by the Engine Combustion Network is simulated under realistic operation conditions using a recently developed numerical framework for multiphase flows. A Large-Eddy Simulation of the nozzle internal flow is coupled with a Direct Numerical Simulation of the interfacial outside flow and the resulting primary breakup is analyzed. Additionally, the impact of the injector geometry on primary breakup is studied. For this purpose, the effect of the taper ratio of the injector nozzle and the turbulent kinetic energy at the injector exit on the primary breakup is discussed and a parametric study is performed.
It is shown that the taper ratio of the nozzle of modern injection systems has a large impact on the primary breakup because it directly influences the turbulent kinetic energy as well as the radial velocity component at the nozzle exit, which in turn affect the primary breakup.

SAE MOBILUS

Subscribers can view annotate, and download all of SAE's content. Learn More »

Access SAE MOBILUS »

Members save up to 18% off list price.
Login to see discount.
Special Offer: Download multiple Technical Papers each year? TechSelect is a cost-effective subscription option to select and download 12-100 full-text Technical Papers per year. Find more information here.
We also recommend:
TECHNICAL PAPER

Structure of Sprays from an Air-Assist Hollow-Cone Injector

960771

View Details

TECHNICAL PAPER

Combined application of CFD modeling and pressure-based combustion diagnostics for the development of a low compression ratio high-performance diesel engine

2007-24-0034

View Details

TECHNICAL PAPER

X-Ray Radiography and CFD Studies of the Spray G Injector

2016-01-0858

View Details

X