Numerical Flow Analysis of a Centrifugal Compressor with Ported and without Ported Shroud 2014-01-1655
Turbochargers are commonly used in automotive engines to increase the internal combustion engine performance during off design operation conditions. When used, a most wide operation range for the turbocharger is desired, which is limited on the compressor side by the choke condition and the surge phenomenon. The ported shroud technology is used to extend the operable working range of the compressor, which permits flow disturbances that block the blade passage to escape and stream back through the shroud cavity to the compressor inlet. The impact of this technology on a speed-line at near optimal operation condition and near surge operation condition is investigated.
A numerical study investigating the flow-field in a centrifugal compressor of an automotive turbocharger has been performed using Large Eddy Simulation. The wheel rotation is handled by the numerically expensive sliding mesh technique. In this analysis, the full compressor geometry (360 deg) is considered. Numerical solutions with and without ported shroud for a near optimal operation condition and near-surge operation condition. The flow-field of the different cases is analyzed to elucidate the functionality of the ported shroud. In agreement with previous observations, it was found that the ported shroud reduces the flow disturbances in the blade passage for all operating conditions. However, the compressor efficiency for the off-design operation condition was found to be higher without the ported shroud, supporting the findings reported recently by an experimental investigation. The computational results are validated with experimental measurements in terms of the performance parameters and available Particle Image Velocimetry data.