Energy Management System for Electrified Tactical Mobility Platforms 2014-01-1911
Energy management system designs for road vehicle applications have for some time considered the use of road data geospatial attributes such as elevation, speed limits and GPS derived online information, like traffic and position, to forecast the amount of fuel that could be consumed by a given vehicle on a specific route. This approach is especially useful when dealing with electrified platforms as on-board energy storage devices (such as fuel cells or batteries) have a lower energy density ratio [kJ/g]. Unfortunately within the tactical mobility context such information might not be readily available, either by passive obstructions, like mountains, or active ones due to jamming, etc. This paper will elaborate on an energy management system meant to deal with the uncertainty created by navigating in terrain where only basic trip information is available, such as probable distance to be travelled.
The overall system is an integration of several intelligent subsystems which act together to create fuel/charge consumption forecasts, energy reserves for critical loads and finally guarantee that vital in-vehicle systems have sufficient energy available to operate at any given time inside a defined operating envelope.