Development of an Acoustic Material Database for Vehicle Interior Trims 2015-01-0046
Characterizing the acoustic properties of sound-absorbing materials is costly and time consuming. The acoustic material database helps the automotive designers design their interior trims in accordance with target level for interior noise. In this paper, a two-microphone impedance tube was used to measure the normal sound absorption coefficient. The main parameters that are used in the theoretical model for interior noise level assessment are investigated. These parameters include thickness, airflow resistivity, porosity, tortuosity, viscous and thermal characteristics length. The measured results have been validated by the theoretical models. The validation of normal sound absorption coefficient was found to be in agreement with its corresponding measurement data. Finally, the sensitivity of the sound absorption coefficient which is related to the physical properties mentioned above is further analyzed.