Browse Publications Technical Papers 2015-26-0102
2015-01-14

A Diagnosis Strategy for Oxygen Sensor Response in Case of Vehicles with Start-Stop Feature 2015-26-0102

To meet OBD norms for exhaust gas oxygen sensor component, there are various methods developed to monitor health of the same in engine management system. Here a new diagnosis strategy for exhaust gas oxygen sensor response is proposed, mainly applicable for start-stop vehicles. This diagnosis strategy is executed during the change in engine running state to stop state due to start-stop feature. In general, before the engine stop is triggered, the lambda in the engine can be rich or lean; then when engine is stopped, fuel injection is cut-off and only air passes through. Due to inertia of engine rotation after fuel cut-off, this air is still passed across oxygen sensor in exhaust path. So here if lambda before fuel cut-off is maintained rich, then rich to lean (i.e. air) transition is realized by oxygen sensor. These are transitions where the oxygen sensor response is evaluated having the coordination with start-stop module.
Due to increased city traffic and thereby more vehicle stops due to start-stop feature, the probability of executing proposed diagnosis increases which can improve frequency of diagnosis. In general, evaluation strategies which run during normal engine running state require specific operating conditions to complete response diagnosis. But for the proposed strategy, the operating conditions for stop release are already suitable to trigger oxygen sensor response evaluation. Hence in a real city driving cycle, the strategy can help to improve IUMPR ratio for oxygen sensor component.

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