Benefit Estimation of Anti-Lock Braking System for Powered Two Wheeler On Indian Highways 2015-26-0167
Motorized two wheelers, also known as powered two wheelers (PTW) are the most common mode of transportation in India. Around one in four deaths that occurred on the roads in India in 2012 involved a motorcyclist, according to Ministry of Road Transport and Highways. This constitutes the highest contributor for fatal accidents in India . The European Transport Safety Council (ETSC) analysis shows the risk of a motorcyclist having a fatal accident is 20 times greater than for a car driver travelling the same route . An investigation conducted by Bosch looked at the accident database of Road Accident Sampling System for India (RASSI). This investigation revealed interesting facts about the Indian motorcycle accident situation, such as root causes of powered two wheeler collisions and riders behaviour including their braking patterns during the pre-crash phase of the accident. This research is undertaken to evaluate the benefit of a modern vehicle safety systems like the Anti-lock Braking System (ABS) for powered two wheelers. The methodology is shown in a following example. One estimation is that every 3rd accident with injuries involving a motorcyclist on Indian highways can be avoided by a powered two wheeler ABS (assuming a 100% installation rate of such device). This result is in line with other international studies claiming the avoidance potential of PTW ABS.