A Reduced Order Turbo-Charging Model for Real Time Engine Torque Profile Control 2015-32-0766
Torque profile control is one of required technologies for propulsion engines. A smaller parametric model is more preferable for control algorithm design and evaluation. Mean value engine torque can be obtained from throttle opening change using a transfer function. A transfer function for a turbocharged engine was investigated with thermo-dynamic equations for a turbine and a compressor and test data.
A small turbocharged engine was tested to model the air transfer process. Turbine speed was measured with temperatures, pressures and air mass flow. Turbine speed response is like a first order system to air mass flow into a combustion chamber. The pressure ratio at the compressor is approximated by a curve proportional to the turbine speed square.
Based on those findings, a reduced order model for describing dynamic air transfer process with a turbocharger was constructed. The proposed model is compact and suitable for engine torque control design and controller implementation.