Optimization of Compact Non-Fibrous Silencer for the Control of Compressor Noise 2016-01-1818
The concept of IC engine downsizing is a well-adapted industry standard, enabling better fuel conversion efficiency and the reduction of tailpipe emissions. This is achieved by utilizing different type of superchargers. As a consequence, the additional charger noise emission, at the IC engine inlet, can become a problem. In order to address such problem, the authors of this work have recently proposed a novel dissipative silencer for effective and robust noise control of the compressor. Essentially, it realizes an optimal flow channel impedance, referred to as the Cremer impedance. This is achieved by means of a straight flow channel with a locally reacting wall consisting of air cavities covered by an acoustic resistance, e.g., a micro-perforated panel (MPP).
In this paper, an improved optimization method of this silencer is presented. The classical Cremer impedance model is modified to account for mean flow dependence of the optimal wave number. This modified model leads to significantly different impedance values compared to the classical model and consequently, the high damping of the classical model (hundreds of dB/m) is further increased. Moreover, the modeling herein, is performed by solving the convective wave equation, vital for accounting mean flow effects. The presented model is finally validated by experimental results included in the paper.