Mechanistic Model for the Breakup Length in Jet Atomization 2016-01-9042
In jet atomization, breakup length is the length of the continuous jet segment, before its breakup to discontinuous droplets. Hydrodynamic instability theory, implemented in CFD codes, is often complemented by semi-empirical correlations for breakup length, which may limit parametric investigations. A basic mechanistic approach to the breakup length prediction, based on a simple momentum balance between the injected jet and the aerodynamic drag force due to the surrounding gas, which complements the classic hydrodynamic instability breakup mechanism, is suggested. This model offers a simple complementing mechanistic model. It is shown that obtained results compare well with published experiments, and with the established empirical correlation of Wu and Faeth (1995). A simplified version of the model, taking into account an inviscid hydrodynamic model is shown to maintain plausibility of breakup length predictions in fuel-injection relevant conditions.